People with diabetes have to be more careful in many aspects of their lives. What are dental cares for people with diabetes? Please take note of them.
Patients with diabetes, whether they are type 1 or type 2, are more prone to oral diseases. The dental care in a diabetic should focus first to decay, gingivitis, and then finally to periodontitis. The latter can lead to serious complications, since it hides evolutions that will inevitably lead to a generalized oral infection, with the probable loss of some dental piece.
Dental care in diabetics
People with diabetes have the sweetest saliva (due to excess blood sugar), dry mouth, and suffer a reduction in resistance to microbial infections. Therefore, people with diabetes are more susceptible to infections in the mouth.
Obesity is also a factor to consider in diabetics, as being overweight affects the health of the gums and the bone that supports them. According to the research carried out, the prevalence of periodontal diseases increases in parallel with the body mass index.
Common dental injuries in diabetics
- Dental caries: the destruction of tooth enamel by dental plaque.
- Gingivitis: inflammation of the gums by deposition of bacteria in the neck of the tooth. You have redness of the gums, bleeding at the time of brushing or swelling of the gums.
- Periodontitis: deep inflammation of the gums and bone that supports the tooth. The teeth move and can fall. This medical condition is two to three times more common in people with diabetes than in the general population.
Basic dental care in diabetics
In diabetics, as in the care of the feet, teeth and gums need a lot of attention, even in the absence of any of their symptoms. Dental complications in diabetics can cause important glycemic disorders.
To avoid these complications, the following three recommendations must be met:
First of all, it is mandatory to perform good oral hygiene by brushing the teeth after meals, in the morning, in the afternoon, and at night, for two minutes and with a suitable brush. The most convenient is to use kinds of toothpaste with fluoride and dental floss.
The visit to the Dental Clinic
A good habit is to visit the dentist twice a year, at least, even without having any symptoms. Dental care in diabetics should be regular and should have the appropriate advice.
Finally, it is essential to control the glycemic balance carefully, as the derivations of diabetes affect the teeth and oral health in general. But if these tips are followed, and appropriate measures are taken, diabetes can be prevented from generating periodontal diseases.
Do you have diabetes? Follow these tips, and you will avoid dental problems. Leave your comment or share this important information for diabetic people.